nigerian national biodiversity strategy and action plan

A key point in the plan of action adopted at the declaration was for member states and organizations such as bdcp to carry out sensitization and popularization campaigns for traditional medicines. Picture: One of the earliest initiatives in engaging with traditional healers was to improve their capacity to represent their own interests by the creation of cooperatives (Photo: Jeremy Weate). The NGO has managed to raise its profile and that of THPs and scientists in Nigeria via well planned partnerships with industry, government and traditional rural communities. With a robust range of products including Erovit (for age related illnesses Physogen (for treating diabetes and Hepavital (for liver ailments IHP markets remedies produced by Intercedd. In part due to these partnerships, bdcp developed its capacity and placed the economic future of traditional healers and scientists in Nigeria on a sound path to development. Indeed, the NGO has organized several conferences in Africa that highlight the benefits of traditional medicine and address issues and themes such as ethnomedicine, bioprospecting and biodiversity conservation. The NGO has pioneered policies and partnerships that support investigations into the often unrealized economic and health restoration potential of traditional medicines. Lewis) Coupled to relatively high poverty rates (US2,300 per capita gross domestic product) in a country where 75 of the population are rural dwellers who rely heavily on forest products (2009 estimates by the USAs Department of State the case. In addition, the NGO is preserving the environment in the country via a number of conservation programs.

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Propagation trials were then carried out for ten species, and. Accelerated forest clearance and degradation have resulted in the rapid decline of indigenous trees. The National Secretariat is located at the Lekki Conservation Centre, Lagos with a Regional Office in Calabar as well as project offices in Eket and Oron (Akwa Ibom State Gashaka (Taraba State Hadejia-Nguru (Jigawa, Yobe and Bauchi States Obudu Cattle. Because traditional healers had historically worked in relative isolation from established structures of government and business, from the beginning the Partners ensured that the relationship with traditional healers was based on transparency as a principle for gaining trust. With one of the highest deforestation rates in the world, the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan estimates that all forests in Nigeria will be gone by 2020. Conte, was able to raise US650,000 which she used to buy the companys IP assets including those that were co-owned with bdcp. With this in mind, bdcp has worked with a number of partners including the Nigerian government and pharmaceutical companies in order to raise the profile of THPs. Tree species particularly at risk include. Development of the Vision 2010 on the environment 1997.

Photo credit: Kirsty Shaw/bgci. Based on the resulting taxonomy, plant nurseries and gardens including a reference herbarium (a housed collection of preserved plant species) have been established in Nigeria under nigerian national biodiversity strategy and action plan bdcp management. Bdcps collaboration with Shaman PI was a fruitful merging of international pharmaceutical interest and goals with local scientific aspirations and THPs know-how. Cola nigerica (Critically Endangered Entandrophragma cylindricum (Vulnerable Pericopsis elata (Endangered) and, tieghemella heckelii (Endangered). Since the 1850s, however, estimates have showed that tropical forests in Africa had declined by at least. In support of this, the NGO helped to establish a Herbal Pharmacovigilance Project in Nigeria where adverse effects of herbal medicine could be recorded.

Propagation material was collected for 31 target species, including the four high priority species. In addition, the NGO has created a database of traditional healers remedies with a view to manufacturing and commercializing any new treatments that may follow while sharing any resulting benefits equitably with stakeholders. Having collected and screened various plant specimens and recorded them into a vast database or pharmacopeia, the R D process was transferred from the field to laboratory screening where the plants apparent health properties were investigated. For instance, via the pharmaceutical companys Healing Forest Conservancy (or the Conservancy) a non-profit organ established in 1990 to carry out R D and implement benefits-sharing polices for Shaman PI traditional healers in the country could expect to receive royalties. By uniting into cooperatives, moreover, THPs haven been able to combine their interests and lobby stakeholders (including the Nigerian government) from a strengthened position. Conte owned six percent of Napo, a company which has distribution licensing agreements with Direct Relief International (a medical NGO based in California, USA) and Glenmark Pharmaceuticals (who have distributed Napos drug Crofelemer in the Republic of India). Edu, NCF has its patron as the President and Commander- In-Chief of the Armed Force of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

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Other notable international partners include Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (rspb Wetlands International as well as Fauna and Flora International (FFI). Indeed, the organization has assisted rural communities in sustainably cultivating trees for food, fuel, wood and as barriers to erosion and soil degradation including a restoration project (in 2011) for native mangroves and Nyapa palms in the cross river estuary of Nigeria. A report as complied by The World Intellectual Property Organization (wipo A United Nations agency dedicated to the use of intellectual property (patents, copyright, trademarks, designs, etc.) as a means of stimulating innovation and creativity. Seed collection in Okomu nigerian national biodiversity strategy and action plan National Park, Edo State, Nigeria. Bdcps alliance with Shaman IP was at the vanguard of collaborations between private, public and NGO partnerships in researching tropical diseases (including malaria and Ebola fever) and their remedies. With these assets, the entrepreneurial scientist was able to enter new licensing agreements with other firms and gain new investors and thereby raise over US85 million that she invested in order to establish Napo Parmaceuticals Inc. For centuries, however, traditional healers had confined their knowledge of plant based remedies to a tight-knit community who guarded it as well-kept secrets. Traditional knowledge, endowed with a rich mix of human and natural resources (there are over 250 cultural groups and vast areas of tropical forest in the country Nigeria has had a long history of traditional knowledge based on plant remedies. Bioresources Development and Conservation Programme, bdcp is proud to present the report done on the organisation by the World Intellectual Property Organization (wipo A United Nations agency dedicated to the use of intellectual property (patents, copyright, trademarks, designs, etc.). Established the Niger-Delta Conservation and Sustainable Development (ndcsd) Project to instigate a paradigm shift from oil and gas dependence to realizing the trade value of biodiversity (2002) among others. We also have collaborative project outposts at iita Ibadan (Oyo State) and Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary (Cross River State). The Foundation has a vision of a Nigeria where people prosper while living in harmony with nature. Leventis Ornithological Research Institute (aplori Taraba State: Participatory Forest Management Project, Mambilla and Donga sites, Important Bird Area Programme, nCFs work has made major input into the following policy in Nigeria: Development of the National Conservation Strategy - 1984.

Collaborated with the Federal Department of Forestry on the drafting of Nigerias National Forestry Law -2000. As of 2012, the Crofelmer drug (which treats chronic diarrhea in patients living with HIV/aids) was expected to have a worldwide market of over US300 millions. Working with residents of the Umukabia village (some of whom are employed as a result in the state of Imo, bdcp has been able to help them diversify the local teak forest into a multi-species area (with 41 different plant species). The following year, the organization was among others who lobbied the heads of government who declared a Decade of African Traditional Medicine ( ). Contact details, for more information on this project, please contact. Indeed, hundreds of pharmaceutical products currently in use around the world have been derived from plants. Since the early 20th century, ethnobiologists anthropologists who study nigerian national biodiversity strategy and action plan THPs and their plant based remedies have taken an increasing interest in collecting data (including the names of plants and the ailments that they treat) from this secluded community. Cross River State: Management of Becheve Nature Reserve, Obudu Cattle Ranch.

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With the groundwork for bioprospecting investigations in Nigeria laid down, the Partners began the scientific stage of the research and development (R D) process which established a taxonomy or classification of the various plant species employed by THPs in the country. Lagos State: Lekki Conservation Centre (LCC). Passed down through generations of THPs, it is estimated that such knowledge has served 80 of the populations healthcare needs, highlighting the important role that it has played in the nations healthcare history. Because nigerian national biodiversity strategy and action plan of the pharmaceutical companys pioneering, ethnographic driven approach to drugs research where investigations are initially directed by the knowledge of traditional healers rather than via in situ laboratory tests Shaman PI was able to work closely with traditional communities. In conjunction with such future incomes, short-term payments or access fees to traditional healers, local guides, plant specimen collectors and other helpers were already being paid (at the beginning of the research) by Shaman.

Part of this process involved researchers from Shaman PI and bdcp engaging in a series of interviews with traditional healers who were asked, for instance, to rank the plants used in their remedies in order of importance or value. These interviews also provided feed-back support to the healers in their medicinal practice by enabling them to benefit from new information about plants based on scientific literature provided by the Partners. To this end, vital support was provided by the Partners and the African branch of International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (Africa icbg an organization that supports drug discovery, biodiversity conservation and sustainable economic growth. In the process, bioprospecting companies are re-discovering historically hidden sources of new medicines that are affordable and in need of development for millions of people at risk from tropical and other diseases. Due to the high cost of developing these drugs, as of 2012 the NGO was seeking partners in the industry in order to take the drugs through the various stages of drug development set by various health organizations including the FDA in the USA. In collaboration with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (iita) Forest Unit in Ibadan, Nigeria, we prioritised which tree species needed immediate attention, and implemented urgent conservation actions. In order to promote and commercialize these products while enhancing its nigerian national biodiversity strategy and action plan reputation for quality, bdcp has initiated publications (including authoritative industry books and articles for journals attended and held industry conferences and launched brand awareness events and exhibitions. Edo State : Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) Project. Bdcp, meanwhile, has relied on the tehnical expertise and knowledge capital in part developed via its collaboration with Shaman PI to launch two new spin-off enterprises. Its ability to work across the spectrum of local communities, corporate bodies and the various tiers of Government using evidence-based actions are the unrivalled standards that pronounce our competence. Through its collaboration with Shaman PI, a drug manufacturer established in 1991, the NGO was able to facilitate a benefits-sharing agreement between THPs, Nigerian scientists and the pharmaceutical company. . Research AND development, before the arduous work of collecting data on Nigerias medicinal traditional knowledge began, bdcp, Shaman PI and various organs of the Nigerian government (the Partners) established clear protocols for working with THPs in the country. Iwu and Shaman PI filed a patent for dioscoretine and its use as a hypoglycemic agent (for the treatment of diabetes) via the United States Patent and Trademark Office (uspto).

nigerian national biodiversity strategy and action plan

By strategically leveraging of its IP assets, moreover, bdcp has modernized its production processes while preserving Nigerias medicinal customs and conserving the countrys environment. One of the earliest interventions in the process of engagement with healers was to improve their capacity to represent their own interests through the formation of cooperatives. Moreover, the company had secured licensing agreements with Global, LL (an investment company in California, USA with an interest in distributing the Crofelemer drug for the American, Japanese and European Union markets pending FDA approval) and AsiaPharm Group Ltd, in the Peoples Republic of China. Picture: Rich in animal and plant species, including the Madagascan periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus; pictured forests in West Africa have provided inspiration for a variety of plant based traditional medicines (Photo:. Under such a code, THPs will be expected to, for example, keep records of the treatments they provide and follow set procedures on a par with those established in Western or orthodox medicinal practice. Moreover, (in 2011) the pharmaceutical company was unable to develop its most promising remedies beyond the last hurdle (called Phase III trials) imposed on drugs manufacturers by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA an agency of the US government responsible. Enactment of the Endangered Species Decree - 1985. We hosted the first national training course on conservation techniques for Nigerian tree species, which was attended by 33 participants from government, academia, NGOs and arboreta. Based on this investment, several traditional healers in Nigeria have been able to develop and package their own remedies which have been sold locally. Bdcp has been a trailblazer in ethnobotanical and bioprospecting research in Africa. In collaboration with the National Traditional Medicine Board in Nigeria, bdcp has proposed monitoring and standardization strategies for THPs and their medicines including the establishment of a code of ethics for practitioners.

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By working with Intercedd, for instance, bdcp has been able to screen over five hundred plants for efficacy against tropical diseases. Some of these projects include: Akwa Ibom State: Nipa Palm Utilization Project. The course equipped delegates with the knowledge and vital skills to establish new projects to protect tree species from extinction. Created by scientist. The WHO, moreover, estimated that over 33 of people in developing countries had no regular access to basic essential medicines and, in the poorest countries, over 50 of the population lacked access to major healthcare providers (in 2010). Of those plants, 75 were from tropical forests in Africa and South America that were discovered following studies of THPs and their traditional remedies. By collaborating with town associations, village heads, and professional guilds of healers and workers, the NGO and its partners have been able to spread best practice and know-how.

From the early 1990s, moreover, THPs have come under the growing attention of bioprospectors including bdcp, Shaman PI and others engaged in bioprospecting the search for biological samples and compounds in plant species with a view to commercializing the remedies thereby derived. Key achievements, gTC laid important foundations for tree conservation in Nigeria. Since its establishment, bdcp has collaborated with local, national and international partners in order to support the countrys human and biological resources while developing its traditional knowledge including traditional medicines. Other bdcp partners have included the National Science Foundation, the United States Department of Agriculture and the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (wrair). Tree conservation workshop delegates from across Nigeria. Picture: bdcps subsidiary, IHP, has a broad range of products and brands, including Moringa Whole Seed (pictured Erovit, Physogen and Hepavital (Photo: bdcp) The organization has established several off-line databases of African medicinal plants and helped to create an equivalent digital. The most promising leads were thereafter subjected to fractionation a process where a solid, for example, is separated into its constituent parts in Shaman PIs R D facility in the USA.

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Iwu, the restoration project across the estuary was the first time in Nigeria that a degraded forestry has been completely restored to its prime condition through the application of modern ecology and bioscience methods. Through its conservation projects, the foundation has developed unique nature conservation strategies that cater for the needs of people while nigerian national biodiversity strategy and action plan maintaining ecosystem stability. The Fund, which was launched based on a US40,000 donation from the Conservancy, was managed by an independent board of directors whose members included government officials, respected members of the community and representatives from THPs cooperatives. The Nigerian Conservation Foundation (NCF) is the premier Non Governmental Organisation (NGO) dedicated to nature conservation and sustainable development in Nigeria. Picture: Axxons remedies, including those derived from Garcinia (pictured have been commercialized in Nigeria via IHP, a subsidiary of bdcp (Photo: bdcp) Working with other bioprospecting organizations in West Africa, in 2000 bdcp launched a regional strategy called Promoting.

The Conservancy, moreover, was able to engage in four ethno-botanical field expeditions with bdcp and traditional healers. In addition, the NGOs spin-off companies, Axxon and IHP, and other affiliated organizations (including two research institutes and a commodities trading company had developed an exciting range of organically produced and originally sourced remedies. Furthermore, working with many organizations including the Nigerian Natural Medicine Development Agency, a parastatal entity with a mandate to develop natural medicines policies, the NGO has celebrated an annual two day exhibition called HerbFest. Although this was not an infallible approach (because it did not necessarily predict potential commercialization or efficacy outcomes it allowed the scientists to focus their R D on the plants that had already showed remedial promise in the past. Such knowledge spans thousands of plant species including Guinea grains (Aframomum melegueta; a spice used to treat microbial infections Ainslie (Langenaria breviflora; a fruit used as a pain remedy by women in labor) and Garcinia Kola (a fruit-producing forest. Picture: Approximately 4000 medicines have been found to exist within the THP community including remedies derived from the Benolive tree (pictured a plant species of the genus Moringa (Photo: Ton Rulkens). Manual of Propagation for Nigerian Trees has been developed and is freely available online. Gombe Jigawa State :Wing Over Wetlands (WOW). With more than 90 of malaria victims living in sub-Saharan Africa, the NGOs Global Health Project which has been run with the help of Africa icbg has prioritized tropical disease research into phytomedicines (or remedies derived from plants). Such remedies, moreover, have been commercialized in Nigeria via locally based pharmaceutical companies and brands including IHP. These drivers have increased pressure on free forest resources, a situation only made worse by illegal logging and poor forest governance.

Picture: Endowed with a rich mix of human and natural resources, Nigeria has had a long history of traditional knowledge based on plant medicines (Photo: Africa Renewal). The intended result has been improvements in product safety and diversity and accountability in the THP community with the added benefit of increased incomes. However, Shaman PIs founder,. THPs, meanwhile, have been placed on a sound track to development while the delicate environment and plant species that they rely on has been preserved for future generations of healers and researchers. The company creates a range of natural pharmaceutical products including a brand called Ethnobotanica. Picture: Of the hundreds of pharmaceutical products currently in use nigerian national biodiversity strategy and action plan around the world, 74 were derived from plants such as the Sap tree (pictured which is native to Africa and South America (Photo: Ahmad Fuad Morad) Moreover,. Ogun, Ondo and Osun State: Omo Oluwa Shasha Conservation Project. The organization has benefitted from funds provided via Africa icbg that were secured from the United States Agency for International Development.